There are two main types of sea-turtles nesting along the coasts of Northern Cyprus; these are: Caretta-Caretta (Sini Kaplumbagasi), and Chelonia-Mydas (Yesil Kaplumbaga). The both are listed as endangered species and under strict protection.
About 46 sandy beaches in North Cyprus comprise the main nestling ground for these endangered Chelonia Mydas and Caretta Caretta sea turtles in the Eastern Mediterranean. In 1992, about 1,500 rare female turtles laid eggs on the shores of North Cyprus.
The egging season of these sea-turtles is from mid-May until mid-October. The turtles make their nests [in the beach] by digging the sand 30-60 cm deep. If they succeed laying their eggs and that the eggs are not harmed, the baby turtles crawl down to the sea in about 55-60 days. And if the baby turtles manage to survive, they come back to lay their eggs there in 30 years time.
It is noted that only one out of four thousand baby sea-turtles manage to survive until their adolescence. During their lifetime, and especially when they lay their eggs, the sea-turtles are especially vulnerable to external dangers, such as other sea or land animals, noise, pollution, rubbish, and et cetera.
The Environmental Protection Office of Northern Cyprus, together with environment related NGOs [such as Society for Protection of Marine-turtles, Green Peace Movement of N.Cyprus, and N.Cyprus National Trust] are very active in the protection of the sea turtles of Northern Cyprus, which is home to these friendly guests of our island.